“Sola Scriptura,” or Scripture Alone, affirms the Biblical doctrine that the Bible alone is the sole authority for all matters of faith and practice. Scripture and Scripture alone is the standard by which all teachings and doctrines of the church must be measured. As Martin Luther so eloquently stated when asked to recant on his teachings, “Unless I am convinced by Scripture and plain reason – I do not accept the authority of the popes and councils, for they have contradicted each other – my conscience is captive to the Word of God. I cannot and I will not recant anything for to go against conscience is neither right nor safe. God help me. Amen.” Sola Scriptura means that the Scriptures, the Old and New Testaments are the final authority in all that they address and that tradition is judged by those scriptures. Sola Scriptura does not negate past councils or traditions. Instead, it is above them and they are to be judged by scripture.